What is the issue ?
- India has joined Europe's mega data sharing arrangement of sharing data from earth observation satellites called Copernicus.
How will the arrangement work ?
- Under this arrangement, the European Commission intends to provide India with free, full and open access to the data from the Copernicus Sentinel family of satellites using high bandwidth connections.
- Reciprocally the Department of Space will provide the Copernicus programme and its participating states with a free, full and open access to the data from ISRO’s land, ocean and atmospheric series of civilian satellites (Oceansat2, MeghaTropiques, Scatsat1, SARAL, INSAT3D, INSAT3DR) with the exception of commercial highresolution satellite data.
How will the information accessed be used ?
The data available through the Copernicus platform will be used for a variety of applications such as
- Forecasting disasters
- Providing emergency response and rescue of people during disasters
- To glean land,
- For issues of security, agriculture and climate change
About the Copernicus programme :
- It is Europe's system for monitoring the earth using satellite data.
- It is coordinated and managed by the European Commission.
About the European Commission (EC) :
- Role: Promotes the general interest of the European Union by proposing and enforcing legislation as well as by implementing policies and the EU budget
- Members: A team or 'College' of Commissioners, 1 from each EU country
- Year established: 1958
- Location: Brussels (Belgium)
Let's look into the European Commission :
What does the Commission do?
The Commission is the sole EU institution tabling laws for adoption by the Parliament and the Council that:
- Political leadership is provided by a team of 28 Commissioners (one from each EU country) – led by the Commission President, who decides who is responsible for which policy area.
Collective decision making
- Decisions are taken based on collective responsibility. All Commissioners are equal in the decision-making process and equally accountable for these decisions.
- They do not have any individual decision-making powers, except when authorized in certain situations.