What is the issue ?
- The number of Kharai camels is declining at an alarming rate owing to shortage of fodder and drinking water.
- The Kharai camels are dependent on mangroves for their sustenance and these mangroves in the Kutch region are fast disappearing due to rapid industrialisation leading to shortage of grazing grounds for these camels.
About the Kharai camel :
- The species is only found in India and Pakistan.
- The Kharai camels have adapted to the mangrove ecosystem and depend on them for their food.
- The Kharai breed of camels swim for kilometres to reach their grazing areas.
- The population of Kharai camels in India is estimated to be around 4,000.
- Maldharis (herders) of the Kutch region use these camels as milch animals and also to carry loads.
Why this topic is important : Previous year question in CSE Preliminary exam 2016
What is/are unique about ‘Kharai Camel’, a breed found in India?
- It is capable of swimming up to three kilometres in seawater.
- It survives by grazing on mangroves.
- It lives in the wild and cannot be domesticated.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
SOLUTION : 1 and 2 only