World Press Freedom Index 2018
What is the issue ?
- In the World Press Freedom Index for 2018, the organisation has placed India at 138th position— two points down from 136th rank in 2017 and five points down from 133 in 2016.
About the World Press Freedom Index :
- Published by Reporters Without Borders (RSF).
- Based in Paris, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is an independent NGO with consultative status with the United Nations, UNESCO, the Council of Europe and the International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF)
Published annually by RSF since 2002, the World Press Freedom Index measures the level of media freedom in 180 countries, including the level of pluralism, media independence, the environment and self-censorship, the legal framework, transparency, and the quality of the infrastructure that supports the production of news and information.
It does not evaluate government policy.
The indicators :
The global indicator and the regional indicators are calculated on the basis of the scores assigned to each country.
These country scores are calculated from answers to a questionnaire in 20 languages that is completed by experts around the world, supported by a qualitative analysis.
The scores and indicators measure constraints and violations, so the higher the figure, the worse the situation. Because of growing awareness of the Index, it is an extremely useful advocacy tool.
Highlights from 2018 :
- In this year’s Index, Norway is first for the second year running, followed – as it was last year – by Sweden (2nd).
- At the other end of the Index, North Korea (180th) is still last.
- "Hate speech is also an issue in the continent's other giant, India, which has fallen another two places to 138th. Ever since Narendra Modi became prime minister in 2014, Hindu fundamentalists have been referring to journalists in extremely violent terms," the report said.
SAARC nations: Afghanistan (118), Bhutan(94), Nepal(106), the Maldives (120),and Sri Lanka(131), all performed better than India; with Pakistan (139) and Bangladesh (146) performing worse.