Telangana gets two Geographical Indications (GI) tags
What is the issue ?
- Adilabad Dokra and Warangal Durries have been issued the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
About Adilabad Dokra :
- The uniqueness of this art form is that no two sculptures are the same, as they are not made out of a pre-designed cast.
- The craftsmen of this art form belong to the Woj community, commonly referred to as Wojaris or Ohjas in the rural areas of Telangana.
- There are roughly 100 odd families in Adilabad district who are involved in the art form.
- They use brass as their main material and an ancient casting technique called ‘cire perdue’.
- As part of this technique, the craftsmen use clay and design a model of the sculpture that they want to create.
- They wrap the clay with wax threads before baking the mould, so that the wax melts away and the molten metal is poured into the mould.
- The common items made by the craftsmen include small idols and statues of tribal deities, jewellery, bells, small-scale animal sculptures and others.
- In this style of durries, weavers create beautiful patterns and dye them using vegetable colours, which are washed in flowing water after the printing process.
- Warangal district became a renowned hub for weaving these rugs due to the availability of cotton, which is grown by farmers in the area.
- These fine craftsmen are well known all over, as their durries have managed to become popular across India as well as abroad.
- Last year, e-commerce giant Amazon signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Telangana Department of Handlooms and Textiles to help the weavers sell their durries online.
What are Geographical Indications ?
- GI is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
- The name of the product should convey an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
Why are GIs important to India ?
- Integral part of India's rich culture and collective intellectual heritage.
- Boost for India's Make in India campaign.
- Strengthen the informal sector by according protection to a number of handmade and manufactured products.
- GI products benefit the rural economy in remote areas, by supplementing the incomes of artisans, farmers, weavers and craftsmen.
- Help in protecting the knowledge of traditional practices and methods, passed down from generation to generation which need to be protected and promoted.
International Agreements under which GIs are recognised
- Articles 1(2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
- Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement (Uruguay round of GATT negotiations)
- India as a member of World Trade Organisation (WTO) enacted the GI of good Act 1999 which came into force in September 2003
Benefits of GI tag
- Confers legal protection
- Prevents unauthorised use of a Registered GI tag by other
- Legal protection to Indian GIs which boosts exports
- Promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory
Examples of GI
- Udupi saree - Karnataka
- Udayagiri wooden cutlery - Andhra Pradesh
- Dharwad Peda - Karnataka
- Pokkali rice - Kerala