What is the issue ?
Delhi End TB Summit :
- The Delhi End TB Summit was hosted by the Indian Health Ministry, the World Health Organisation and the Stop TB Partnership.
- Member countries unanimously agreed to implementing decisions agreed upon in the Delhi Call to Action adopted in March last year, to accelerate efforts to end tuberculosis in the region.
- Member countries have agreed to put in all efforts to end tuberculosis by 2030.
- India has promised to eliminate the disease by 2025 and further assist other countries in doing so.
Burden of tuberculosis :
TB was responsible for 1.7 million deaths in 2016, despite most cases being curable and over 10 million people contract the disease every year.
TB is the leading infectious killer in India. There were an estimated 28 lakh new cases of the disease in 2016, with over 4 lakh people succumbing to the disease, including those with TB and HIV.
WHO South-East Asia Region, which hosts about one-fourth of the global population, shares a disproportionate 46 per cent global TB burden.
About tuberculosis (TB)
1. Caused by: bacterium (Mycobacteriumtuberculosi)
2. Occurrence: Pandemic (Wide spread or Prevalent over a Whole country or the world).
3. Symptoms: The usual symptoms that occur with an active TB infection are a generalized tiredness or weakness, weight loss, fever, and night sweats. If the infection in the lung worsens, then further symptoms can include coughing, chest pain, coughing up of sputum or blood, and shortness of breath.
4. System of body effected: Mostly lungs but may involve any other part of the body.
5. Vector: None, primarily spreads from person to person
6. Vaccine available: Yes.
7. Transmission: A person can become infected with tuberculosis bacteria through inhalation of droplets containing bacillus from the air. The bacteria get into the air when someone with tuberculosis lung infection coughs, sneezes or spits. TB is not transmitted by just touching the clothes or shaking the hands of someone who is infected. Tuberculosis is spread primarily from person to person by breathing infected air especially in closed rooms.