West Bengal home to new plant species
What is the issue ?
- A new plant species has been discovered by the Botanical Survey of India in West Bengal.
About the new species :
- Named Drypetes kalamii, it is a small shrub found to be shorter version of its close relative Drypetes ellisii.
- The plant has been named after Dr. Abdul Kalam
- Exclusively found in Buxa National Park and Jaldapara National Park.
- The species is unisexual in nature.
- The new species is a close relative of a medicinal plant known in Sanskrit as Putrajivah.
- The new species is found in wet, shaded areas of subtropical moist semi-evergreen forests, at a height ranging 50-100 metres.
- With pale yellow flowers in clusters and bright orange to red fruits, the plant is exclusive to the two national parks.
- The species has provisionally been placed in the 'Critically Endangered' species category of International Union for Conservation of Nature.
About Botanical Survey of India :
- The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) was established in 1890 with the objectives of exploring the plant resources of the country and identifying plant species with economic virtue.
- In 1954, the Government reorganised the BSI with the objectives of
- Undertaking intensive floristic surveys and collecting accurate and detailed information on the occurrence, distribution, ecology and economic utility of plants in the country;
- Collecting, identifying and distributing materials that may be of use to educational and research institutions; and
- Acting as the custodian of authentic collections in well planned herbaria and documenting plant resources in the form of local, district, state and national flora
- Operates under the Ministry of Environemnt, Forests and Climate Change.