42 Indian languages face the threat of extinction
What is the issue ?
- 42 langauges in India are spoken by less than a few thousand people rendering them open to the threat of extinction.
Some statistics you should know : A Census Directorate report
- In India we have 22 scheduled languages and 100 non-scheduled languages.
- Among them 42 langauges are spoken by less than 10,000 people and are conisdered to be endangered.
The languages in danger :
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- Great Andamanese, Jarawa, Lamongse, Luro, Muot, Onge, Pu, Sanenyo, Sentilese, Shompen and Takahanyilang
- Aimol, Aka, Koiren, Lamgang, Langrong, Purum and Tarao
- Baghati, Handuri, Pangvali and Sirmaudi
What is an endandered language according to UNESCO ?
A language is endangered when its speakers cease to use it, use it in fewer and fewer domains, use fewer of its registers and speaking styles, and/or stop passing it on to the next generation. No single factor determines whether a language is endangered, but UNESCO experts have identified nine that should be considered together:
- Intergenerational language transmission
- Absolute number of speakers
- Proportion of speakers within the total population
- Shifts in domains of language use
- Response to new domains and media
- Availability of materials for language education and literacy
- Governmental and institutional language attitudes and policies including official status and use
- Community members’ attitudes toward their own language
- Amount and quality of documentation
How does UNESCO define an 'extinct language' ?
- When we say that a language is extinct, we mean that it is no longer the first tongue that infants learn in their homes, and that the last speaker who did learn the language in that way has passed on within the last five decades