What is the issue ?
- India has slipped from its previous 141st position two years ago to secure the 177th (out of 180) position in the Global Environment Performance Index (EPI).
Which organisation releases the report ?
- The report was brought out by the Yale and Columbia Universities in collaboration with the World Economic Forum.
About the report :
- The EPI report ranks these nations on 10 broad categories (issues), including 24 performance indicators, covering environmental health and ecosystem vitality.
- These performance indicators include air quality, water & sanitation, CO2 emission intensity (emission per unit of GDP), forests (deforestation) and waste water treatment among others.
SIgnificant takeaways :
Air quality (household solid fuels and PM2.5 exposure), remained the leading environmental threat to public health and the report noted that the countries such as India, China and Pakistan which scored badly on air quality front “face public health crisis that demand urgent attention”.
Low ranking of the emerging economic like India and China (120th) reflects the strain population pressure and economic growth impose on environment.
Switzerland leads the world in protecting environment and sustainable practices, followed by France, Denmark, Malta, and Sweden.
In general, higher rank shows long-standing commitments to protecting public health, preserving natural resources, and decoupling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from economic activity.
Why the sharp decline in ranking ?
- The sharp decline in the country’s ranking this year as compared to 2016 can, however, also be attributed to the quality of data and the broadening the base of parameters.
- As compared to nine issue categories, including 20 performance indicators, in 2016 EPI, the 2018 EPI took into account 10 issue categories including 24 performance indicators.
Special mention :
- India’s ‘Ujjwala Yojana’ - meant for LPG connections to women from Below Poverty Line (BPL) households - got a special mention in the report.
- If the goal of this scheme is realised, it has potential to positively impact the lives of millions of BPL households by providing them with access to safe, affordable cooking technologies and fuels.
What is it ?
- International Organisation since 2015
- Its mission is cited as "committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic, and other leaders of society to shape global, regional, and industry agendas".
When/Where was it conceived ?
- It was established in 1971 as a not-for-profit foundation and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It is independent, impartial and not tied to any special interests.
Founding members ?
The forum was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab.
First named the "European Management Forum", it changed its name to the World Economic Forum in 1987 and sought to broaden its vision to include providing a platform for resolving international conflicts.
Functions performed ?
- The flagship event of the foundation is the invitation-only annual meeting held during the winter at the end of January in Davos, Switzerland, bringing together chief executive officers from its 1,000 member companies, as well as selected politicians, representatives from academia, NGOs and religious leaders.
What are its key areas of focus ?
- Mastering the foruth industrial revolution
- Solving the problems of the global commons
- Addressing the global security issues
Reports published :
- Global Information Technology Report
- Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report
- Global Competitiveness Report (GCR)
- Global Gender Gap report
- Global Human Capital report