What is the issue ?
- For the first time in a decade, the number of hungry people in the world has risen according to a United Nations report.
Key take-aways from the report :
- According to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals 2018 report, conflict is now one of the main drivers of food insecurity in 18 countries
- Economic losses attributed to disasters were estimated at over $300 billion in 2017.
- South Asia, which includes India, has seen child marriage rates plunge, with a girl’s risk of getting married in childhood dropping by 40% from 2000 to 2017.
- Water stress levels for many countries in South Asia are above 70%, indicating fastapproaching water scarcity.
- More than nine out of 10 people living in urban areas around the world are breathing polluted air, with southern Asia scoring the worst in this area.
- While electricity and sanitation deficits in south Asia are still poor, the report noted efforts are being made to close the gap.
What is sustainable development ?
- Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
- It calls for concerted efforts towards building an inclusive, sustainable and resilient future for people and planet.
What are Sustainable Development Goals ?
In September 2015, the leaders of all 193 member states of the UN adopted Agenda 2030, a universal agenda that contains the Global Goals for Sustainable Development. The 17 Goals in turn hold 169 targets and 230 indicators.
Over the next fifteen years, countries will mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.
The goals were developed to succeed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which ended in 2015. Unlike the MDGs, the SDG framework does not distinguish between "developed" and "developing" nations. Instead, the goals apply to all countries.