What is the issue ?
- Geographical Indication (GI) tags have been secured by five rural products in West Bengal.
About the products which been accorded GI tag :
- The Chau mask of Purulia, which are large and colourful masks used in Chau dance.
- The wooden mask of Kushmandi, which are used for Mukha dance
- The Patachitra, which are beautifully painted scrolls in Pingla village of Paschim Medinipur.
- The Dokras of Bengal
- Madhurkathi, which is a kind of mat
What are Geographical Indications ?
- GI is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
- The name of the product should convey an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
Why are GIs important to India ?
- Integral part of India's rich culture and collective intellectual heritage.
- Boost for India's Make in India campaign.
- Strengthen the informal sector by according protection to a number of handmade and manufactured products.
- GI products benefit the rural economy in remote areas, by supplementing the incomes of artisans, farmers, weavers and craftsmen.
- Help in protecting the knowledge of traditional practices and methods, passed down from generation to generation which need to be protected and promoted.
International Agreements under which GIs are recognised
- Articles 1(2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
- Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement (Uruguay round of GATT negotiations)
- India as a member of World Trade Organisation (WTO) enacted the GI of good Act 1999 which came into force in September 2003
Benefits of GI tag
- Confers legal protection
- Prevents unauthorised use of a Registered GI tag by other
- Legal protection to Indian GIs which boosts exports
- Promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory
Examples of GI
- Udupi saree - Karnataka
- Udayagiri wooden cutlery - Andhra Pradesh
- Dharwad Peda - Karnataka
- Pokkali rice - Kerala