What is the issue ?
- Around 2231 villages are most likely to be declared new 'census towns' for the purpose of 2021 census.
What are 'census towns' ?
- They are settlements which are larger (at least 5,000 people) and denser (at least 400 people per sq. km) than most villages, with at least threefourths of their male population not working in agriculture.
- They are still governed like villages by rural panchayats, unlike statutory towns which are governed by urban local bodies (ULBs).
Facts that you need to know :
- The census has been tracking census towns since 1961. But their growth was relatively low, touching 1,362 census towns by 2001.
- However, in the 2011 census, there were 2,600 new census towns, taking the total to almost 4,000.
- West Bengal has the most, with Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh also having large numbers.