What is the REPLACE initiative ?
- A step by step guide for the elimination of industriallyproduced trans fatty acids from the global food supply.
- REPLACE, which is an acronym for Review, Promote, Legislate, Assess, Create and Enforce, is the first global initiative to eliminate a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
- The REPLACE action package will provide governments with a strategy to achieve the prompt, complete, and sustained elimination of industrially produced transfat from their national food supplies.
India's transfat problem
- Estimates say that transfat kills more than 60,000 people a year in India.
What are trans fats ?
- Trans fats, also known as trans fatty acids or TFA, are a type of fat found in small amounts in a wide variety of foods.
- They are considered a ‘bad’ fat because, like saturated fats, they can increase levels of LDL-cholesterol in the blood.
- Trans fats can also decrease the level of ‘good’ HDL cholesterol, and may increase the level of triglycerides, another type of fat in the blood.
WHO recommendation with respect to trans fat consumption :
- The WHO recommends that people consume less than 1% of their energy from transfat. This translates to 2.2 grams for a 2,000 calorie diet.
Why is this initiative important for India ?
- Implementing the REPLACE package of the World Health Organisation would translate to saving lakhs of lives in India and will boost our endeavour to further reduce deaths due to cardiovascular diseased.
World Health Organisation
Established in which year?
- Established on 7th April 1948. Constitution of World Health Organisation (WHO) was signed by 61 countries in 22 July 1946 with first meeting of WHO completing on 24 July1948.
Headquaters located at
Works under which International Organisation?
- WHO is a special agency of United Nations concerned with international public health.
Head of the Organisation
- The head of the organisation is Director-General elected by World Health Assembly.
- All countries which are members of United Nations can become members of WHO by accepting its constitution. At present there are 194 member states.
Any reports released by the organisation
- WHO is responsible for World Health Report (World wide Health Survey) and World Health Day (7th April).
Functions of the Organisation
- The primary role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations’ system.
Main areas of work are
- Health systems
- Promoting health through the life-course
- Noncommunicable diseases
- Communicable diseases
- Corporate services
- Preparedness, surveillance and response.
- Providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed.
- Shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation, translation and dissemination of valuable knowledge.
- Setting norms and standards and promoting and monitoring their implementation.
- Articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options.
- Providing technical support, catalysing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity.
- Monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends.