What is the issue ?
- The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has highlighted the deplorable plight of the Western Ghats in its World Heritage Outlook 2 Report.
What does the report say ?
- Western Ghats and Manas Wildlife Sanctuary face ‘significant concern,’ putting them in the second highest risk category in the global assessment.
- The two Indian areas were so classified based on their values being “threatened” or showing signs of deterioration.
The report called for “significant additional conservation measures” to maintain and/or restore values over the medium to long term.
The Kaziranga and Sundarbans National Parks were classified as good, with some concerns. There were no Indian sites in the critical category
Threats to the Western Ghats and Indian biodiversity in general :
- Grazing, massive pilgrimage tourism and mining are among the identified threats.
- In Manas, the threat, although low, came from unsustainable and illegal logging
About International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) :
1. What is it ?
- The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a membership union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations.
2. When/Where was it conceived ?
- IUCN was founded in October 1948 as the International Union for the Protection of Nature (or IUPN) following an international conference in Fontainebleau, France.
3. Headquarters ?
4. Functions performed ?
- It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education.
- It tries to influence the actions of governments, business and other stakeholders by providing information and advice, and through building partnerships.
- The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide.
5. Current President/Chairman ?
6. Present members ?
- IUCN harnesses the knowledge, resources and reach of approximately 1300 Member organisations. These include states and government agencies, NGOs large and small, scientific and academic institutions and business associations.