A look at the 'red corridor' in 2018
What is the issue ?
- Ministry of Home Affairs which recently redrew the red corridor(naxal affected areas), brought down the number of districts affected with Naxal violence from 106 to 90, spread across 11 states.
- The list also includes the 30 worst-affected district, six down from the previous one
Which states are included in the LWE-affected areas?
- The report considers Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Bihar as states that are severely affected by Left Wing Extremism.
- West Bengal, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh (earlier a part of the severely affected category) are considered partially affected.
- Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are classified as states that are slightly affected.
What else has the report brought out ?
- According to the report, Maoists are making a foray into Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, and planning to link the Western and Eastern Ghats through these states.
- They are not only planning to increase their activities in these areas, but also carve out a base for themselves in the tri-junction.
- The report also notes that the Maoists are attempting to make inroads into Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, and their success in doing so can have long-term strategic implications.
Important take-aways from the report :
- In 2015, the total number of LWE-affected districts was 106. It rose to 126 in 2017 following bifurcation of states and districts, and the expansion of Maoists activities.
- The geographical spread of LWE violence also shrunk from 76 districts in 2013 to 58 districts in 2017
- The number of districts under the category of 'worst affected districts have come down from 36 in 2015 to 30 in 2017.
Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme of the MHA :
- All expenses incurred by the affected areas are covered under the Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme of the MHA, which provides funds for transportation, communication, hiring of vehicles, stipend for surrendered Maoists, and temporary infrastructure for security forces.
What is the multi-pronged strategy of the government?
- Projects related to development include infrastructure, roads, cellphone connectivity, bridges and schools.
- As per MHA data, 2,329 mobile towers were installed in Maoist-affected areas in the first phase of the project aimed at improving cellphone connectivity, with the maximum number of towers being installed in Jharkhand (816), followed by Chhattisgarh (519). In the second phase, the government plans to install another 4,072 mobile towers.
- Similarly, 4,544 kilometers of road have already been built of the sanctioned 5,422 km. The second phase of constructing 5,411 km of road will start soon, and is estimated to cost Rs 10,780 crores.
- Earlier, 11 of the 36 worst affected areas had no Kendriya Vidyalaya (KV), and only six Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs). Now, all the 36 districts have JNVs, and eight districts have functional KVs. Three new KVs are also being built.
- Eight bridges, which were built to enhance connectivity to remote areas in LWE-affected states, were constructed at a cost of nearly Rs 1,000 crores
THE 30 MOST AFFECTED LWE DISTRICTS NOW
- Andhra Pradesh: Vishakhapatnam
- Bihar: Aurangabad, Gaya, Jamui, Lakhisarai
- Chhattisgarh: Bastar, Bijapur, Dantewada, Kanker, Kondagaon, Narayanpur, Rajnandgaon, Sukma
- Jharkhand: Bokaro, Chatra, Garhwa, Giridih, Gumla, Hazaribagh, Khunti, Latehar, Lohardaga, Palamu, Ranchi, Simdega West, Singhbhum
- Maharashtra: Gadchiroli
- Odisha: Korapur, Malkangiri
- Telangana: Bhadradri, Kothagudem