Key take-away points :
Kerala and Mizoram top the list of States, with 100% of households which do not practise open defecation.
Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are at the bottom of the rankings, with less than 44% of such households.
68% of rural households in India say that all their members use the toilet whenever required, meaning they do not practise open defecation at all.
77% of all rural households now have access to toilets, and that 93.4% of those who had access to toilets used them regularly.
Why is this Survey important ?
- The analysis from the NARSS will also set the baseline values for the three progress indicators against which the World Bank will release or disburse funds in the future for the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
- Each State will receive incentive grants based on its progress in achieving and sustaining sanitation outcomes, including the open defecation free (ODF) status.
Terms that you need to be familiar with :
1. Open Defecation Free :
- A household will be considered as practising open defecation unless all the members of that household use the toilet 100% of the time.
- For communities, ODF status is defined by “no visible faeces found in the environment/village; and every household as well as public/ community institutions using a safe technology option for disposal of faeces."
2. Access to toilets :
- Defined as “households having access to a toilet that they own, or having access to a shared toilet which can be used by multiple families, or have access to a community toilet".